Full Form of India is not based on its history or geography as the term India is not an abbreviation. There is no such outline but few sites might show creative full forms. The Iranians and the Greeks came through the northwest in the ancient era and had known about the river Indus but due to the cultural differences, they were unable to pronounce it. So they called it the Hindos or the Indos and the land to its east India. The name Bharat is derived from the name of the tribe Bharata which existed over there as mentioned in Rig Veda.
There is no exact full form of India but some of the sites show :
- I: Independent
- N: National
- D: Declared
- I: In
- A: August
The history of India begins with a diverse culture along the Indus River. The story of its past is surrounded by the diverse cultures of people migrating into the region. Meanwhile, ancient evidence defines the use of iron, copper, and other metals, that were widely used in the Indian sub-continent and thus, verifies the origination of Indus Valley Civilization followed by Vedic civilization, Buddhist era, Gupta dynasty, and so on.
India is a vast country that lies in the Northern hemisphere. The mainland extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E. Located in the southern part of Asia, the country has a land border of 15,106.7 km and a coastline of 7,516.6 km. On the geographical front, India occupies the greater part of South Asia bordered by mountains and the sea. The total area of the country is 3.287 million km². India shares its borders with neighbor counties China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Bangladesh in the northeast and Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest. Sri Lanka (from the South-East) and the Maldives are the two countries in the southwest with water borders.
India is the second-largest country in the world in terms of population and the seventh-largest country in the world in terms of area. India’s capital New Delhi has an ancient history. It was built in the 20th century just south of the historic hub of Old Delhi to serve as India’s administrative center. Entirely, there are 28 States in India that is Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. Along with that, there are 8 Union Territories: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Lakshadweep, Ladakh, and Puducherry.
India is a mystery because of its diverse landscape, colorful festivals, piquant cuisine, art, and culture, and maybe that is what fascinates travelers, to visit the country at least once. Be it India’s stunning architecture, or colorful artwork, visitors usually get amazed by the astounding and varied culture of the country. Here, the food, clothing, and habits of people differ in accordance with the place of origin. Meanwhile, variation in a culture mostly depends on its geography. People speak differently, dress differently, follow different religions, eat different food but the one common thing is their identity that’s being Indian and hence, unity is forever. So whether it is a festival or a moment of grief, people wholeheartedly participate in everything feeling the joy or the pain of the moment. The festival list in India is never-ending and the most intriguing part is the genuine participation of the whole community. That’s what brings liveliness to the festivals. Meeting people, enjoying social gatherings, and celebrating different religious festivals is the backbone of intercultural friendships. Likewise, an Indian wedding is also a celebration of the union.
Another interesting fact about Indians is the different ways of their greeting. As the language varies, so does the way of greeting people. The ‘Namaste’ is one of the most popular Indian customs that is followed by foreigners too. The Namaste, or namaskar, is one of the most common traditional greetings that indicates ‘I bow to you’. The greeting is performed by folding palms and placing them before the chest. Muslims may greet by shaking the hand of their counterpart accompanied by the phrase, “Salaam”. You also get to hear Ram Ram or Jai Siya Ram in Bihar, Jai Shree Krishna in Gujrat, Radhe Radhe in Braj Bhumi, Sat Sri Akaal in Punjab, Vanakkam in Tamil Nadu, and Khamma Gani in Rajasthan.
Besides that, a few of the interesting facts about India are:
- The Game of Kings, Chess was invented in India. Early forms of chess originated in India, as during the excavation of the Indus Valley Civilization(one of the oldest civilizations of the world), a game like chess was discovered.
- Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. Ayurveda is mentioned in the Vedas which are said to be one of the oldest writings known to man, found in India.
- Yoga, the art of living a happy and healthy life was discovered in India. Shiva is seen as the first yogi or Adiyogi performing the essentially spiritual discipline based on an extremely subtle science, which focuses on bringing harmony between mind and body.
- The Decimal System, Algebra, Trigonometry, and Calculus were originated in India.
- India is the largest democracy in the world.
- India has over 300,000 mosques and over 2 million Hindu temples.
- Chenab Bridge, located in Jammu is the highest rail bridge in the world.
- Fact about worshipping cows was known to all but there is a temple in Rajasthan is dedicated to rats. Karni Mata Temple is famous for having around 20,000 black rats that live in the temple.
- Indians have a custom of eating food with fingers, including rice, sauces, meats, and vegetables.
- The highest population of vegetarians live in India
- India records the highest number of official holidays. There is a total of 26 official holidays including Independence Day, Diwali, Holi, and Christmas.
- Kumbh Mela is the most crowded festival and tourist attraction.
- The holy city of Varanasi, also known as Banaras or Kashi, is believed to be the most ancient surviving city in the world.
- India is one of the top producers of tea in the world.
- Along with that, India is the largest producer of spices like turmeric, cumin, saffron, and chili powders.
India has been a subject for millions around the globe. Bordered by the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea on its southeast and southwest respectively. The country achieved independence on 15 August 1947. Meanwhile, the Constitution of India was adopted on 26 January 1950.